Physical Disabilities In Children: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

It is often seen that, unfortunately, many disabled children are born, which is undesirable. Because no one wants his child to come into the world with any kind of problem.

People need to know about physical disabilities in children because it is not possible to improve society by excluding or neglecting the small part of the society which is disabled. Also for protect your children.

At one time, people with intellectual disabilities were considered insane. They were deprived of the right to medical treatment, education, and protection. They were kept under house arrest so that their disability would not be exposed to others.

And because of that, the disabled child would grow up in more obstacles. They were never given rights to ancestral property. The condition of women with disabilities in society is worse.

In some cases, they are physically abused. With a little awareness, if the disability can be identified right after the baby is born, it is possible to protect the baby from some disability by taking adequate measures.

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What is physical disability in children?

Physical Disabilities In Children: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Prevention
prevalence of physical disabilities in children

Disability means a person who is congenitally or sickly or injured in an accident or due to malpractice or any other reason is physically disabled or mentally unbalanced and permanently wholly or partially incapacitated and unable to lead a normal life. (Physical disability pdf)

Examples of physical disabilities in children are:

  • Physically handicapped
  • Visually impaired
  • Hearing impairment
  • Speech impairment
  • Intellectual disability
  • Multiple disabilities list of physical disabilities in children

The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a book titled “International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (ICIDH)” which divides the problem of disability into three categories:-

  • Impairment
  • Disability
  • Handicap common physical disabilities in children

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Types of physical disability

There are many different types of physical disabilities in children.

Such as: physical disabilities in children

Causes of physical disability

How does disability affect physical development? It is difficult to say exactly what causes autism or disability. However, there are some common causes of physical disabilities in children. Children can be autistic or disabled for a variety of reasons.

There are some genetic and environmental factors. Only by being a little careful and following specific rules and regulations can one get rid of this curse. Let’s find out some of the reasons for having a disabled child.

Reasons for physical disabilities in children:

  • If the mother of the baby during pregnancy continues to take various medicines without the advice of a doctor, it can be very harmful to the baby. Many drugs interfere with the formation of fetal organs so that the baby can be born with any kind of disability.
  • If the mother suffers from frequent convulsions during pregnancy, the baby may lack oxygen, which can lead to mental illness.
  • If mothers eat food given formalin, disabled children can be born. Also, children can become stupid.
  • If the ‘radioactive rays‘ enter the mother’s body during X-rays or any other way, especially during the first three months of pregnancy, then the fetal nervous system is damaged. As a result, the child is mentally disabled or handicapped.
  • If the pregnant mother suffers from anemia for a long time, does not eat enough nutritious food, then the fetal structural defects occur, the development of the brain is impaired, resulting in the child becoming deformed or disabled.
  • If the mother is infected with Tuberculosis, Malaria, Chickenpox,  Mumps, German Hub, Rubella virus, AIDS, etc. in the first trimester of pregnancy, its effects on the fetus are incredibly detrimental. As a result, the child may become physically disabled and mentally disabled. Also, the mother’s diabetes, hypertension, kidney problems, thyroid problems, etc. can be a physical disability in the fetus.
  • If the mother is too young or too old, that is, if she is over 40 years, the risk remains at physical disabilities in children.
  • If a child gets hit in the head during birth, it may cause physical disabilities in children. Even if a child falls and gets hit in the head at a young age, the same problem can occur.
  • If the mother is Rh-positive and the father is Rh-negative, then the fetus can be Rh positive or negative. If there is no similarity between the Rh component of the mother and the child, it is called Rh Incompatibility. It causes a dead child. And if the child survives, it is born with a brain defect.

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Symptoms of physical disabilities in children

Physical Disabilities In Children: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Prevention
signs of physical disability in adults

If children with physical disabilities are given the necessary training at the right time, then they can improve like other children, and they can be made socially efficient according to their ability.

Typically, the symptoms appear in children between the ages of 18 and 36 months. Some signs of physical disabilities in children are below.

Effects of physical disability:

  • The baby’s development is not normal.
  • If the child does not look into your eyes or avoid looking into the eyes of others.
  • If the baby does not smile spontaneously within six months or later.
  • If the child does not point or instructions at anything with the finger.
  • If the child does not hold anything tightly with hands.
  • If the child does not look back at the source of the sound.
  • If you call the child’s name within 1 year, but the child does not respond.
  • If the child does not say a word in 1 year.
  • If the child does not make any happy gestures or expressions.
  • If the child doesn’t say a sentence of two words by the age of 24 months.
  • If the child can’t play the imaginary game within 18 months.
  • If the child prefers to be alone.
  • If the child is continuously moving or swinging his hands, turning his hand in a circle, walking with the mass on his toes, biting his nails, etc.
  • If the baby does not react to the words, smiles, facial expressions, or gestures of loved ones within nine months, for example, when the father or someone else gives ‘Tata bye’ to the child while going out, the child does not give it or move his hand.

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If you suspect physical disabilities in children, So what to do?

If the child is more than 18 months old and less than 3 (three) years old, then the possibility of disability should be found out first.

Various assessment tools are used for this, and if there is a possibility of disability, an early intervention program is developed accordingly to prevent the child’s autistic behavior from being revealed and his nervous development to be normal.

If the child is more than 3 (three) years old, then it is necessary to determine whether he has a disability or not. A separate assessment tool is used for this, and an intervention program is developed for the child according to the level of disability. working with children with disabilities

What kind of intervention is required?

Such a child needs many kinds of care. Sensory integration is one of them. To get this service, you need to seek the help of an occupational therapist who is skilled in sensory integration. If the child has difficulty speaking, he or she should go to a speech therapist who specializes in autism.

Free radicals, toxic metals (lead, mercury, etc.) are often found in the body of the child, and as a result, the mental development of the child is hampered. In such cases, bio-medical treatment is a great improvement for many autistic children. Many children need psychotherapy, behavior modification, etc. treatment for physical disability

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Prevention of physical disabilities in children

Physical Disabilities In Children: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Prevention
causes of physical impairment
  • As the risk of autism increases due to various complications during pregnancy, a balanced diet of mothers, adequate rest, intake of different vitamins and minerals that help in the development of the brain, such as folic acid, iron, at least four physical check-ups decrease the risk of autism in newborns.
  • To prevent disability, one should be careful while taking medicine during pregnancy.
  • Immunizations should be given, and babies should be given adequate nutritious food after birth. The child needs to be brought up in a healthy environment.
  • Not to conceive at an older age.
  • Support for parents with a child with learning disabilities.
  • Ensuring the rights of women with disabilities, the right to movement and access, the right to work, the right to health care, the right to organize and freedom, the right to participate in local power structures (UPs) and the right to access government services, the right to participate in sports and cultural activities. childhood physical disorders counselling techniques for learning disabilities

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